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Here are some tips from CDC of Shenzhen to prevent getting sick in the coming flu season.
- The single best way to avoid the flu is to get the flu shot as soon as you can. The ideal time is early fall. But any time during the winter is fine if you haven't already done it.
- Room ventilation: Proper ventilation significantly reduces the concentration of pathogenic bacteria and viruses in the air. Opening windows is an easy and extremely effective natural ventilation technique. Even using the air conditioner for heating, open the window for at least 30 mins, 3 times per day is suggested.
- Drinking plain water is the best. However water with lemon juice, sweetened with honey, herbal tea, or fresh sugar-free juice (you may dilute it with water) are also good choices. Drinking plenty of water will keep you well hydrated. And proper hydration is essential for immune system and overall health. Water helps your liver and kidneys to wash out the toxins.
- Human influenza viruses can survive on surfaces up to 48 hours. Washing your hands often for 15-20 seconds with water and soap will help protect you from germs.
- Avoid touching your nose, eyes, or mouth unless you have clean hands. The eyes, nose and mouth are entry ports for flu viruses. Germs can enter your body easily through the mucous membranes.
- lPractice the right way to cover the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing. (Bring your elbow up to your mouth. Cough into your elbow.) Prepare mask for your child if need.
We should also pay attention to another virus-Norovirus, which causes diarrhea and vomiting, is one of the most common stomach bugs. It's also called the "winter vomiting bug" because it's more common in winter, although you can catch it at any time of the year.
Norovirus is a very contagious virus that can infect anyone. You can get it from an infected person, contaminated food or water, or by touching contaminated surfaces. The virus causes your stomach or intestines or both to get inflamed. The most common symptoms are diarrhea, throwing up, nausea, stomach pain. Other symptoms are fever, headache, body aches. If you or your family is ill, please stay at home until the illness has subsided for at least 72 hours.
The secondary high season of Hand-food-mouth disease in Shenzhen is September to November. The lower age students (3-8year) in school are easy to get infected. If your child develops a rash on the mouth/hand/foot or presents with a fever, please keep them home from school and go to see a doctor immediately. Please also inform school the related situation.