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Heath Tips 2019-02-22
Posted 02/22/2019 01:47PM

As you may know that this is the flu season in south of China until April, it's important to know the difference between flu and cold. A cold is a milder respiratory illness than the flu, while cold symptoms make you feel bad for a few days, flu symptoms can make you feel quite ill for a few days to weeks. The flu can also result in serious health problems such as pneumonia and hospitalizations.


Symptoms 症状

Cold 普通感冒

Flu 流感

Fever 发热

Rare 少

High (38.5℃-40℃)


Can last 3-4 days


Headache 头痛

Rare 少

Intense 强烈

General Aches, Pains 全身酸痛

Slight 轻微

Usual 经常

Often severe 偶尔比较严重

Fatigue, Weakness 疲倦乏力

Mild 轻微

Intense 强烈

Can last up to 2-3 weeks


Stuffy Nose 鼻塞

Common 通常

Sometimes 偶尔出现

Sneezing 喷嚏

Common 通常


Sore Throat 咽痛

Common 通常

Common 通常

Cough 咳嗽

Mild to moderate 轻微到中度

Common 通常 Can become severe 可出现剧烈咳嗽

Complications 并发症

Sinus congestion, earache 鼻窦阻塞或耳痛

Bronchitis, pneumonia
You may need to go to a hospital 支气管炎、肺炎等住院治疗

Prevention 预防措施

Wash your hands well and avoid sick people 常洗手,避免接触病患

Flu vaccine once a year

Wash your hands well and avoid sick people

Antiviral drugs oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza)


Isolation period 休息隔离期

Until symptom free or fever-free for 24 hours without taking medication.


Until symptom free or fever-free for 48 hours without taking medication.


Jane Huang

School Doctor

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