Explore SWIS > School News

School News

Heath Tips 2019-02-22
Posted 02/22/2019 01:47PM

As you may know that this is the flu season in south of China until April, it's important to know the difference between flu and cold. A cold is a milder respiratory illness than the flu, while cold symptoms make you feel bad for a few days, flu symptoms can make you feel quite ill for a few days to weeks. The flu can also result in serious health problems such as pneumonia and hospitalizations.

每年的冬春季都是南中国流感高发的季节,通常可持续到四月份。在这一时期,区别认识流感和普通感冒的不同有助于患者尽早康复。普通感冒是呼吸系统的轻微疾病,感冒症状一般会持续几天,但流感症状则会持续一周以上或更长的时间。流感也可能引发严重的并发症如肺炎或需要住院治疗。

Symptoms 症状

Cold 普通感冒

Flu 流感

Fever 发热

Rare 少

High (38.5℃-40℃)

常出现高热38.5℃-40℃

Can last 3-4 days

持续3-4天

Headache 头痛

Rare 少

Intense 强烈

General Aches, Pains 全身酸痛

Slight 轻微

Usual 经常

Often severe 偶尔比较严重

Fatigue, Weakness 疲倦乏力

Mild 轻微

Intense 强烈

Can last up to 2-3 weeks

持续2-3周

Stuffy Nose 鼻塞

Common 通常

Sometimes 偶尔出现

Sneezing 喷嚏

Common 通常

Sometimes偶尔出现

Sore Throat 咽痛

Common 通常

Common 通常

Cough 咳嗽

Mild to moderate 轻微到中度

Common 通常 Can become severe 可出现剧烈咳嗽

Complications 并发症

Sinus congestion, earache 鼻窦阻塞或耳痛

Bronchitis, pneumonia
You may need to go to a hospital 支气管炎、肺炎等住院治疗

Prevention 预防措施

Wash your hands well and avoid sick people 常洗手,避免接触病患

Flu vaccine once a year

Wash your hands well and avoid sick people

Antiviral drugs oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza)

每年注射流感疫苗;常洗手,避免接触病患;防流感病毒药物如奥司他韦和扎那米韦

Isolation period 休息隔离期

Until symptom free or fever-free for 24 hours without taking medication.

退热后在家休息24小时再回校

Until symptom free or fever-free for 48 hours without taking medication.

退热后在家休息48小时再回校

Jane Huang

School Doctor

powered by finalsite